Trieste is a city and port in northeastern Italy near the
Slovenian border, to the North, East, and South. Trieste is
located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste on the Adriatic
Sea. Throughout its history, it has been influenced by its
geographic position at the crossroads of Germanic, Latin and
Slavic culture. With a population of 208,614 as of 2007, it
is the capital of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia
Giulia and Trieste province.
Trieste flourished as part of Austria, from 1382 (the
Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867) until 1918 when it was
one of the few seaports in what was one of the Great Powers
of Europe. It was among the most prosperous Mediterranean
seaports as well as a capital of literature and music.
However, the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and
Trieste's annexation to Italy after World War I led to a
decline of its economic and cultural importance.
Today, Trieste is a border town. The population is an ethnic
mix of the neighbouring regions; The dominant local Venetian
dialect of Trieste is called Triestine ("Triestin" - in
Italian "Triestino"). This dialect and the official Italian
language are spoken in the city centre, while Slovene is
spoken in several of the immediate suburbs. The Venetian and
the Slovene languages are considered autochthonous of the
The economy depends on the port and on trade with its
neighbouring regions. Throughout the Cold War Trieste was a
peripheral city, but it is rebuilding some of its former
Among the beauties of the city it's important to name the
Arch of Riccardo, the Roman Theatre, the Cathedral of San
Giusto, The Serb-Orthodox Temple of Holy Trinity and St.
Spiridio, Miramare Castle.
Other points of interest nearby:
Caorle, the lagoon